A. Station point

B. X-axis

C. Perpendicular axis

D. Z-axis

This question was addressed to me by my school teacher while I was bunking the class.

This key question is from Perspective Projection topic in portion Development of Surfaces, Isometric Projections, Perspective Projections & Transformation of Projections of Civil Engineering Drawing

The explanation is: In a Cartesian coordinate system, the origin is the point where the axes of the system intersect. The origin divides each of these axes into two halves, a positive and a negative semi axis. Points can then be located with reference to the origin by giving their numerical coordinatesâ€”that is, the positions of their projections along each axis, either in the positive or negative direction. The coordinates of the origin are always all zero, for example (0,0) in two dimensions and (0,0,0) in three.