A copper wire of length 3m and 1mm diameter is subjected to a

a-copper-wire-of-length-3m-and-1mm-diameter-is-subjected-to-a

A copper wire of length 3m and 1mm diameter is subjected to a tension of 5N. Calculate the elongation produced, if the young’s modulus of copper is 120GPa.

A. 15m

B. 1800m

C. 0.125 ×10^-3 m

D. 15.9mm

This question was addressed to me during an online exam.

This intriguing question originated from Elasticity topic in section Thermal Properties of Matter of Engineering Physics I

Correct option is D. 15.9mm

Explanation: Young’s modulus = (Force ×Length)/(Area ×Elongation); Area=πr^2

Elongation = (Force ×Length)/(Area ×Young’s modulus)

Elongation = 15.9mm.